Update: I got the project I was working on finished, but I wound up using 10.4 instead of 11.10. I understand the results I was finding now, so I’ll explain a little better. dpkg-reconfigure console-data will temporarily change your keyboard layout in older (pre-11.10?) versions of Ubuntu. dpkg-reconfigure console-setup will allow you to permanently change your settings, independent of console-data. Most results I saw didn’t make this clear – it appeared as though you had to run console-data then console-setup to “commit” the change. Oneiric’s console-setup doesn’t have any layout options in it, so I didn’t realize that it did in older versions, which I wasn’t familiar with – thus my confusion. So. Permanent change: dpkg-reconfigure console-setup and select from the menus the layout you want on older Ubuntu versions. On newer ones, edit /etc/default/keyboard and then run dpkg-reconfigure console-setup. Console-data needn’t be involved at all.
I have been working to get Ubuntu Server 11.10 up and running in VMware Player recently. The trouble is, I type in Dvorak. I can switch at will easily enough, but it’s very confusing/annoying to do it on the same computer when switching between windows. So, I needed to change the default system layout to be Dvorak. Should be easy, right?
Firstly, under VMware, if you choose not to use Easy Install, you can choose your layout as a normal part of the installation process and everything goes fine. Your problem then becomes getting VMware Tools installed. The Easy Install method truly is a lot easier, but it gives you no option for keyboard configuration.
I searched the internet and found repeated references to sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-data wherein inevitably the question about how to make the change permanent was asked and answered with sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup.
The first command does indeed change the layout through a simple enough menu structure (simple in the Linux sense – there are a dozen options for Dvorak and some of them are pretty ambiguous!), but the second command reverts that change. I have no idea why this was the only result I seemed able to find for such a long time, so I’m posting this to hopefully help fill the search space with better / more useful information.
You need to edit /etc/default/keyboard. After that, run sudo dpkg-reconfigure console-setup to commit your settings.
When you run console-setup, it compiles in the keyboard layout listed in that file, which is why console-data’s changes were not kept. In the file are four lines:
XKBMODEL="pc105" XKBLAYOUT="us" XKBVARIANT="" XKBOPTIONS=""
I can’t seem to find a list of acceptable arguments online either. You can browse or search /usr/share/X11/xkb/rules/xorg.lst for valid values, which I will include here for your convenience. (Shortcuts: model layout variant option)
pc101 Generic 101-key PC pc102 Generic 102-key (Intl) PC pc104 Generic 104-key PC pc105 Generic 105-key (Intl) PC dell101 Dell 101-key PC latitude Dell Latitude series laptop dellm65 Dell Precision M65 everex Everex STEPnote flexpro Keytronic FlexPro microsoft Microsoft Natural omnikey101 Northgate OmniKey 101 winbook Winbook Model XP5 pc98 PC-98xx Series a4techKB21 A4Tech KB-21 a4techKBS8 A4Tech KBS-8 a4_rfkb23 A4Tech Wireless Desktop RFKB-23 airkey Acer AirKey V azonaRF2300 Azona RF2300 wireless Internet Keyboard scorpius Advance Scorpius KI brother Brother Internet Keyboard btc5113rf BTC 5113RF Multimedia btc5126t BTC 5126T btc6301urf BTC 6301URF btc9000 BTC 9000 btc9000a BTC 9000A btc9001ah BTC 9001AH btc5090 BTC 5090 btc9019u BTC 9019U btc9116u BTC 9116U Mini Wireless Internet and Gaming cherryblue Cherry Blue Line CyBo@rd cherryblueb Cherry CyMotion Master XPress cherrybluea Cherry Blue Line CyBo@rd (alternate option) cherrycyboard Cherry CyBo@rd USB-Hub cherrycmexpert Cherry CyMotion Expert cherrybunlim Cherry B.UNLIMITED chicony Chicony Internet Keyboard chicony0108 Chicony KU-0108 chicony0420 Chicony KU-0420 chicony9885 Chicony KB-9885 compaqeak8 Compaq Easy Access Keyboard compaqik7 Compaq Internet Keyboard (7 keys) compaqik13 Compaq Internet Keyboard (13 keys) compaqik18 Compaq Internet Keyboard (18 keys) cymotionlinux Cherry CyMotion Master Linux armada Laptop/notebook Compaq (eg. Armada) Laptop Keyboard presario Laptop/notebook Compaq (eg. Presario) Internet Keyboard ipaq Compaq iPaq Keyboard dell Dell dellsk8125 Dell SK-8125 dellsk8135 Dell SK-8135 dellusbmm Dell USB Multimedia Keyboard inspiron Dell Laptop/notebook Inspiron 6xxx/8xxx precision_m Dell Laptop/notebook Precision M series dexxa Dexxa Wireless Desktop Keyboard diamond Diamond 9801 / 9802 series dtk2000 DTK2000 ennyah_dkb1008 Ennyah DKB-1008 fscaa1667g Fujitsu-Siemens Computers AMILO laptop genius Genius Comfy KB-16M / Genius MM Keyboard KWD-910 geniuscomfy Genius Comfy KB-12e geniuscomfy2 Genius Comfy KB-21e-Scroll geniuskb19e Genius KB-19e NB geniuskkb2050hs Genius KKB-2050HS gyration Gyration htcdream HTC Dream kinesis Kinesis logitech_base Logitech Generic Keyboard logitech_g15 Logitech G15 extra keys via G15daemon hpi6 Hewlett-Packard Internet Keyboard hp250x Hewlett-Packard SK-250x Multimedia Keyboard hpxe3gc Hewlett-Packard Omnibook XE3 GC hpxe3gf Hewlett-Packard Omnibook XE3 GF hpxt1000 Hewlett-Packard Omnibook XT1000 hpdv5 Hewlett-Packard Pavilion dv5 hpzt11xx Hewlett-Packard Pavilion ZT11xx hp500fa Hewlett-Packard Omnibook 500 FA hp5xx Hewlett-Packard Omnibook 5xx hpnx9020 Hewlett-Packard nx9020 hp6000 Hewlett-Packard Omnibook 6000/6100 honeywell_euroboard Honeywell Euroboard hpmini110 Hewlett-Packard Mini 110 Notebook rapidaccess IBM Rapid Access rapidaccess2 IBM Rapid Access II thinkpad IBM ThinkPad 560Z/600/600E/A22E thinkpad60 IBM ThinkPad R60/T60/R61/T61 thinkpadz60 IBM ThinkPad Z60m/Z60t/Z61m/Z61t ibm_spacesaver IBM Space Saver logiaccess Logitech Access Keyboard logiclx300 Logitech Cordless Desktop LX-300 logii350 Logitech Internet 350 Keyboard logimel Logitech Media Elite Keyboard logicd Logitech Cordless Desktop logicd_it Logitech Cordless Desktop iTouch logicd_nav Logitech Cordless Desktop Navigator logicd_opt Logitech Cordless Desktop Optical logicda Logitech Cordless Desktop (alternate option) logicdpa2 Logitech Cordless Desktop Pro (alternate option 2) logicfn Logitech Cordless Freedom/Desktop Navigator logicdn Logitech Cordless Desktop Navigator logiitc Logitech iTouch Cordless Keyboard (model Y-RB6) logiik Logitech Internet Keyboard itouch Logitech iTouch logicink Logitech Internet Navigator Keyboard logiex110 Logitech Cordless Desktop EX110 logiinkse Logitech iTouch Internet Navigator Keyboard SE logiinkseusb Logitech iTouch Internet Navigator Keyboard SE (USB) logiultrax Logitech Ultra-X Keyboard logiultraxc Logitech Ultra-X Cordless Media Desktop Keyboard logidinovo Logitech diNovo Keyboard logidinovoedge Logitech diNovo Edge Keyboard mx1998 Memorex MX1998 mx2500 Memorex MX2500 EZ-Access Keyboard mx2750 Memorex MX2750 microsoft4000 Microsoft Natural Wireless Ergonomic Keyboard 4000 microsoft7000 Microsoft Natural Wireless Ergonomic Keyboard 7000 microsoftinet Microsoft Internet Keyboard microsoftpro Microsoft Natural Keyboard Pro / Microsoft Internet Keyboard Pro microsoftprousb Microsoft Natural Keyboard Pro USB / Microsoft Internet Keyboard Pro microsoftprooem Microsoft Natural Keyboard Pro OEM vsonku306 ViewSonic KU-306 Internet Keyboard microsoftprose Microsoft Internet Keyboard Pro, Swedish microsoftoffice Microsoft Office Keyboard microsoftmult Microsoft Wireless Multimedia Keyboard 1.0A microsoftelite Microsoft Natural Keyboard Elite microsoftccurve2k Microsoft Comfort Curve Keyboard 2000 oretec Ortek MCK-800 MM/Internet keyboard propeller Propeller Voyager (KTEZ-1000) qtronix QTronix Scorpius 98N+ samsung4500 Samsung SDM 4500P samsung4510 Samsung SDM 4510P sanwaskbkg3 Sanwa Supply SKB-KG3 sk1300 SK-1300 sk2500 SK-2500 sk6200 SK-6200 sk7100 SK-7100 sp_inet Super Power Multimedia Keyboard sven SVEN Ergonomic 2500 sven303 SVEN Slim 303 symplon Symplon PaceBook (tablet PC) toshiba_s3000 Toshiba Satellite S3000 trust Trust Wireless Keyboard Classic trustda Trust Direct Access Keyboard trust_slimline Trust Slimline tm2020 TypeMatrix EZ-Reach 2020 tm2030PS2 TypeMatrix EZ-Reach 2030 PS2 tm2030USB TypeMatrix EZ-Reach 2030 USB tm2030USB-102 TypeMatrix EZ-Reach 2030 USB (102/105:EU mode) tm2030USB-106 TypeMatrix EZ-Reach 2030 USB (106:JP mode) yahoo Yahoo! Internet Keyboard macbook78 MacBook/MacBook Pro macbook79 MacBook/MacBook Pro (Intl) macintosh Macintosh macintosh_old Macintosh Old macintosh_hhk Happy Hacking Keyboard for Mac acer_c300 Acer C300 acer_ferrari4k Acer Ferrari 4000 acer_laptop Acer Laptop asus_laptop Asus Laptop apple Apple apple_laptop Apple Laptop applealu_ansi Apple Aluminium Keyboard (ANSI) applealu_iso Apple Aluminium Keyboard (ISO) applealu_jis Apple Aluminium Keyboard (JIS) silvercrest SILVERCREST Multimedia Wireless Keyboard emachines Laptop/notebook eMachines m68xx benqx BenQ X-Touch benqx730 BenQ X-Touch 730 benqx800 BenQ X-Touch 800 hhk Happy Hacking Keyboard classmate Classmate PC olpc OLPC sun6 Sun Type 5/6 targa_v811 Targa Visionary 811 unitekkb1925 Unitek KB-1925 compalfl90 FL90 creativedw7000 Creative Desktop Wireless 7000 intelligent_keyboard_k04 Intelligent Keyboard K04 htcdream Htc Dream phone
us English (US) ad Catalan af Afghani ara Arabic al Albanian am Armenian at German (Austria) az Azerbaijani by Belarusian be Belgian bd Bengali in Indian ba Bosnian br Portuguese (Brazil) bg Bulgarian ma Arabic (Morocco) cm English (Cameroon) mm Burmese ca French (Canada) cd French (Democratic Republic of the Congo) cn Chinese hr Croatian cz Czech dk Danish nl Dutch bt Dzongkha ee Estonian ir Persian iq Iraqi fo Faroese fi Finnish fr French gh English (Ghana) gn French (Guinea) ge Georgian de German gr Greek hu Hungarian is Icelandic il Hebrew it Italian jp Japanese kg Kyrgyz kh Khmer (Cambodia) kz Kazakh la Lao latam Spanish (Latin American) lt Lithuanian lv Latvian mao Maori me Montenegrin mk Macedonian mt Maltese mn Mongolian no Norwegian pl Polish pt Portuguese ro Romanian ru Russian rs Serbian si Slovenian sk Slovak es Spanish se Swedish ch German (Switzerland) sy Arabic (Syria) tj Tajik lk Sinhala th Thai tr Turkish tw Taiwanese ua Ukrainian gb English (UK) uz Uzbek vn Vietnamese kr Korean nec_vndr/jp Japanese (PC-98xx Series) ie Irish pk Urdu (Pakistan) mv Dhivehi za English (South Africa) epo Esperanto np Nepali ng English (Nigeria) et Amharic sn Wolof brai Braille tm Turkmen ml Bambara tz Swahili (Tanzania) ke Swahili (Kenya) bw Tswana ph Filipino
chr us: Cherokee euro us: English (US, with euro on 5) intl us: English (US, international with dead keys) alt-intl us: English (US, alternative international) colemak us: English (Colemak) dvorak us: English (Dvorak) dvorak-intl us: English (Dvorak international with dead keys) dvorak-alt-intl us: English (Dvorak alternative international no dead keys) dvorak-l us: English (left handed Dvorak) dvorak-r us: English (right handed Dvorak) dvorak-classic us: English (classic Dvorak) dvp us: English (programmer Dvorak) rus us: Russian (US, phonetic) mac us: English (Macintosh) altgr-intl us: English (international AltGr dead keys) olpc2 us: English (layout toggle on multiply/divide key) hbs us: Serbo-Croatian (US) ps af: Pashto uz af: Uzbek (Afghanistan) olpc-ps af: Pashto (Afghanistan, OLPC) fa-olpc af: Persian (Afghanistan, Dari OLPC) uz-olpc af: Uzbek (Afghanistan, OLPC) azerty ara: Arabic (azerty) azerty_digits ara: Arabic (azerty/digits) digits ara: Arabic (digits) qwerty ara: Arabic (qwerty) qwerty_digits ara: Arabic (qwerty/digits) buckwalter ara: Arabic (Buckwalter) phonetic am: Armenian (phonetic) phonetic-alt am: Armenian (alternative phonetic) eastern am: Armenian (eastern) western am: Armenian (western) eastern-alt am: Armenian (alternative eastern) nodeadkeys at: German (Austria, eliminate dead keys) sundeadkeys at: German (Austria, Sun dead keys) mac at: German (Austria, Macintosh) cyrillic az: Azerbaijani (Cyrillic) legacy by: Belarusian (legacy) latin by: Belarusian (Latin) oss be: Belgian (alternative) oss_latin9 be: Belgian (alternative, latin-9 only) oss_sundeadkeys be: Belgian (alternative, Sun dead keys) iso-alternate be: Belgian (ISO alternate) nodeadkeys be: Belgian (eliminate dead keys) sundeadkeys be: Belgian (Sun dead keys) wang be: Belgian (Wang model 724 azerty) probhat bd: Bengali (Probhat) ben in: Bengali ben_probhat in: Bengali (Probhat) guj in: Gujarati guru in: Punjabi (Gurmukhi) jhelum in: Punjabi (Gurmukhi Jhelum) kan in: Kannada mal in: Malayalam mal_lalitha in: Malayalam (Lalitha) mal_enhanced in: Malayalam (enhanced Inscript with Rupee Sign) ori in: Oriya tam_unicode in: Tamil (Unicode) tam_keyboard_with_numerals in: Tamil (keyboard with numerals) tam_TAB in: Tamil (TAB typewriter) tam_TSCII in: Tamil (TSCII typewriter) tam in: Tamil tel in: Telugu urd-phonetic in: Urdu (phonetic) urd-phonetic3 in: Urdu (alternative phonetic) urd-winkeys in: Urdu (WinKeys) bolnagri in: Hindi (Bolnagri) hin-wx in: Hindi (Wx) eng in: English (India, with RupeeSign) alternatequotes ba: Bosnian (use guillemets for quotes) unicode ba: Bosnian (use Bosnian digraphs) unicodeus ba: Bosnian (US keyboard with Bosnian digraphs) us ba: Bosnian (US keyboard with Bosnian letters) nodeadkeys br: Portuguese (Brazil, eliminate dead keys) dvorak br: Portuguese (Brazil, Dvorak) nativo br: Portuguese (Brazil, nativo) nativo-us br: Portuguese (Brazil, nativo for USA keyboards) nativo-epo br: Portuguese (Brazil, nativo for Esperanto) phonetic bg: Bulgarian (traditional phonetic) bas_phonetic bg: Bulgarian (new phonetic) french ma: French (Morocco) tifinagh ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh) tifinagh-alt ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh alternative) tifinagh-alt-phonetic ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh alternative phonetic) tifinagh-extended ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh extended) tifinagh-phonetic ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh phonetic) tifinagh-extended-phonetic ma: Berber (Morocco, Tifinagh extended phonetic) french cm: French (Cameroon) qwerty cm: English (Cameroon qwerty) azerty cm: French (Cameroon azerty) dvorak cm: English (Cameroon Dvorak) fr-dvorak ca: French (Canada, Dvorak) fr-legacy ca: French (Canada, legacy) multix ca: Canadian Multilingual multi ca: Canadian Multilingual (first part) multi-2gr ca: Canadian Multilingual (second part) ike ca: Inuktitut eng ca: English (Canada) tib cn: Tibetan tib_asciinum cn: Tibetan (with ASCII numerals) uig cn: Uyghur alternatequotes hr: Croatian (use guillemets for quotes) unicode hr: Croatian (use Croatian digraphs) unicodeus hr: Croatian (US keyboard with Croatian digraphs) us hr: Croatian (US keyboard with Croatian letters) bksl cz: Czech (with key) qwerty cz: Czech (qwerty) qwerty_bksl cz: Czech (qwerty, extended Backslash) ucw cz: Czech (UCW layout, accented letters only) dvorak-ucw cz: Czech (US Dvorak with CZ UCW support) nodeadkeys dk: Danish (eliminate dead keys) mac dk: Danish (Macintosh) mac_nodeadkeys dk: Danish (Macintosh, eliminate dead keys) dvorak dk: Danish (Dvorak) sundeadkeys nl: Dutch (Sun dead keys) mac nl: Dutch (Macintosh) std nl: Dutch (standard) nodeadkeys ee: Estonian (eliminate dead keys) dvorak ee: Estonian (Dvorak) us ee: Estonian (US keyboard with Estonian letters) pes_keypad ir: Persian (with Persian Keypad) ku ir: Kurdish (Iran, Latin Q) ku_f ir: Kurdish (Iran, F) ku_alt ir: Kurdish (Iran, Latin Alt-Q) ku_ara ir: Kurdish (Iran, Arabic-Latin) ku iq: Kurdish (Iraq, Latin Q) ku_f iq: Kurdish (Iraq, F) ku_alt iq: Kurdish (Iraq, Latin Alt-Q) ku_ara iq: Kurdish (Iraq, Arabic-Latin) nodeadkeys fo: Faroese (eliminate dead keys) classic fi: Finnish (classic) nodeadkeys fi: Finnish (classic, eliminate dead keys) smi fi: Northern Saami (Finland) mac fi: Finnish (Macintosh) nodeadkeys fr: French (eliminate dead keys) sundeadkeys fr: French (Sun dead keys) oss fr: French (alternative) oss_latin9 fr: French (alternative, latin-9 only) oss_nodeadkeys fr: French (alternative, eliminate dead keys) oss_sundeadkeys fr: French (alternative, Sun dead keys) latin9 fr: French (legacy, alternative) latin9_nodeadkeys fr: French (legacy, alternative, eliminate dead keys) latin9_sundeadkeys fr: French (legacy, alternative, Sun dead keys) bepo fr: French (Bepo, ergonomic, Dvorak way) bepo_latin9 fr: French (Bepo, ergonomic, Dvorak way, latin-9 only) dvorak fr: French (Dvorak) mac fr: French (Macintosh) bre fr: French (Breton) oci fr: Occitan geo fr: Georgian (France, AZERTY Tskapo) generic gh: English (Ghana, multilingual) akan gh: Akan ewe gh: Ewe fula gh: Fula ga gh: Ga hausa gh: Hausa avn gh: Avatime gillbt gh: English (Ghana, GILLBT) ergonomic ge: Georgian (ergonomic) mess ge: Georgian (MESS) ru ge: Russian (Georgia) os ge: Ossetian (Georgia) deadacute de: German (dead acute) deadgraveacute de: German (dead grave acute) nodeadkeys de: German (eliminate dead keys) ro de: Romanian (Germany) ro_nodeadkeys de: Romanian (Germany, eliminate dead keys) dvorak de: German (Dvorak) sundeadkeys de: German (Sun dead keys) neo de: German (Neo 2) mac de: German (Macintosh) mac_nodeadkeys de: German (Macintosh, eliminate dead keys) dsb de: Lower Sorbian dsb_qwertz de: Lower Sorbian (qwertz) qwerty de: German (qwerty) ru de: Russian (Germany, phonetic) simple gr: Greek (simple) extended gr: Greek (extended) nodeadkeys gr: Greek (eliminate dead keys) polytonic gr: Greek (polytonic) standard hu: Hungarian (standard) nodeadkeys hu: Hungarian (eliminate dead keys) qwerty hu: Hungarian (qwerty) 101_qwertz_comma_dead hu: Hungarian (101/qwertz/comma/dead keys) 101_qwertz_comma_nodead hu: Hungarian (101/qwertz/comma/eliminate dead keys) 101_qwertz_dot_dead hu: Hungarian (101/qwertz/dot/dead keys) 101_qwertz_dot_nodead hu: Hungarian (101/qwertz/dot/eliminate dead keys) 101_qwerty_comma_dead hu: Hungarian (101/qwerty/comma/dead keys) 101_qwerty_comma_nodead hu: Hungarian (101/qwerty/comma/eliminate dead keys) 101_qwerty_dot_dead hu: Hungarian (101/qwerty/dot/dead keys) 101_qwerty_dot_nodead hu: Hungarian (101/qwerty/dot/eliminate dead keys) 102_qwertz_comma_dead hu: Hungarian (102/qwertz/comma/dead keys) 102_qwertz_comma_nodead hu: Hungarian (102/qwertz/comma/eliminate dead keys) 102_qwertz_dot_dead hu: Hungarian (102/qwertz/dot/dead keys) 102_qwertz_dot_nodead hu: Hungarian (102/qwertz/dot/eliminate dead keys) 102_qwerty_comma_dead hu: Hungarian (102/qwerty/comma/dead keys) 102_qwerty_comma_nodead hu: Hungarian (102/qwerty/comma/eliminate dead keys) 102_qwerty_dot_dead hu: Hungarian (102/qwerty/dot/dead keys) 102_qwerty_dot_nodead hu: Hungarian (102/qwerty/dot/eliminate dead keys) Sundeadkeys is: Icelandic (Sun dead keys) nodeadkeys is: Icelandic (eliminate dead keys) mac is: Icelandic (Macintosh) dvorak is: Icelandic (Dvorak) lyx il: Hebrew (lyx) phonetic il: Hebrew (phonetic) biblical il: Hebrew (Biblical, Tiro) nodeadkeys it: Italian (eliminate dead keys) mac it: Italian (Macintosh) us it: Italian (US keyboard with Italian letters) geo it: Georgian (Italy) kana jp: Japanese (Kana) kana86 jp: Japanese (Kana 86) OADG109A jp: Japanese (OADG 109A) mac jp: Japanese (Macintosh) phonetic kg: Kyrgyz (phonetic) ruskaz kz: Russian (Kazakhstan, with Kazakh) kazrus kz: Kazakh (with Russian) stea la: Lao (STEA proposed standard layout) nodeadkeys latam: Spanish (Latin American, eliminate dead keys) deadtilde latam: Spanish (Latin American, include dead tilde) sundeadkeys latam: Spanish (Latin American, Sun dead keys) std lt: Lithuanian (standard) us lt: Lithuanian (US keyboard with Lithuanian letters) ibm lt: Lithuanian (IBM LST 1205-92) lekp lt: Lithuanian (LEKP) lekpa lt: Lithuanian (LEKPa) apostrophe lv: Latvian (apostrophe variant) tilde lv: Latvian (tilde variant) fkey lv: Latvian (F variant) modern lv: Latvian (modern) ergonomic lv: Latvian (ergonomic, UGJRMV) adapted lv: Latvian (adapted) cyrillic me: Montenegrin (Cyrillic) cyrillicyz me: Montenegrin (Cyrillic, Z and ZHE swapped) latinunicode me: Montenegrin (Latin Unicode) latinyz me: Montenegrin (Latin qwerty) latinunicodeyz me: Montenegrin (Latin Unicode qwerty) cyrillicalternatequotes me: Montenegrin (Cyrillic with guillemets) latinalternatequotes me: Montenegrin (Latin with guillemets) nodeadkeys mk: Macedonian (eliminate dead keys) us mt: Maltese (with US layout) nodeadkeys no: Norwegian (eliminate dead keys) dvorak no: Norwegian (Dvorak) smi no: Northern Saami (Norway) smi_nodeadkeys no: Northern Saami (Norway, eliminate dead keys) mac no: Norwegian (Macintosh) mac_nodeadkeys no: Norwegian (Macintosh, eliminate dead keys) qwertz pl: Polish (qwertz) dvorak pl: Polish (Dvorak) dvorak_quotes pl: Polish (Dvorak, Polish quotes on quotemark key) dvorak_altquotes pl: Polish (Dvorak, Polish quotes on key 1) csb pl: Kashubian ru_phonetic_dvorak pl: Russian (Poland, phonetic Dvorak) dvp pl: Polish (programmer Dvorak) nodeadkeys pt: Portuguese (eliminate dead keys) sundeadkeys pt: Portuguese (Sun dead keys) mac pt: Portuguese (Macintosh) mac_nodeadkeys pt: Portuguese (Macintosh, eliminate dead keys) mac_sundeadkeys pt: Portuguese (Macintosh, Sun dead keys) nativo pt: Portuguese (Nativo) nativo-us pt: Portuguese (Nativo for USA keyboards) nativo-epo pt: Esperanto (Portugal, Nativo) cedilla ro: Romanian (cedilla) std ro: Romanian (standard) std_cedilla ro: Romanian (standard cedilla) winkeys ro: Romanian (WinKeys) phonetic ru: Russian (phonetic) phonetic_winkeys ru: Russian (phonetic WinKeys) typewriter ru: Russian (typewriter) legacy ru: Russian (legacy) typewriter-legacy ru: Russian (typewriter, legacy) tt ru: Tatar os_legacy ru: Ossetian (legacy) os_winkeys ru: Ossetian (WinKeys) cv ru: Chuvash cv_latin ru: Chuvash (Latin) udm ru: Udmurt kom ru: Komi sah ru: Yakut xal ru: Kalmyk dos ru: Russian (DOS) srp ru: Serbian (Russia) bak ru: Bashkirian chm ru: Mari yz rs: Serbian (Z and ZHE swapped) latin rs: Serbian (Latin) latinunicode rs: Serbian (Latin Unicode) latinyz rs: Serbian (Latin qwerty) latinunicodeyz rs: Serbian (Latin Unicode qwerty) alternatequotes rs: Serbian (with guillemets) latinalternatequotes rs: Serbian (Latin with guillemets) rue rs: Pannonian Rusyn (homophonic) alternatequotes si: Slovenian (use guillemets for quotes) us si: Slovenian (US keyboard with Slovenian letters) bksl sk: Slovak (extended Backslash) qwerty sk: Slovak (qwerty) qwerty_bksl sk: Slovak (qwerty, extended Backslash) nodeadkeys es: Spanish (eliminate dead keys) deadtilde es: Spanish (include dead tilde) sundeadkeys es: Spanish (Sun dead keys) dvorak es: Spanish (Dvorak) ast es: Asturian (Spain, with bottom-dot H and bottom-dot L) cat es: Catalan (Spain, with middle-dot L) mac es: Spanish (Macintosh) nodeadkeys se: Swedish (eliminate dead keys) dvorak se: Swedish (Dvorak) rus se: Russian (Sweden, phonetic) rus_nodeadkeys se: Russian (Sweden, phonetic, eliminate dead keys) smi se: Northern Saami (Sweden) mac se: Swedish (Macintosh) svdvorak se: Swedish (Svdvorak) swl se: Swedish Sign Language legacy ch: German (Switzerland, legacy) de_nodeadkeys ch: German (Switzerland, eliminate dead keys) de_sundeadkeys ch: German (Switzerland, Sun dead keys) fr ch: French (Switzerland) fr_nodeadkeys ch: French (Switzerland, eliminate dead keys) fr_sundeadkeys ch: French (Switzerland, Sun dead keys) fr_mac ch: French (Switzerland, Macintosh) de_mac ch: German (Switzerland, Macintosh) syc sy: Syriac syc_phonetic sy: Syriac (phonetic) ku sy: Kurdish (Syria, Latin Q) ku_f sy: Kurdish (Syria, F) ku_alt sy: Kurdish (Syria, Latin Alt-Q) legacy tj: Tajik (legacy) tam_unicode lk: Tamil (Sri Lanka, Unicode) tam_TAB lk: Tamil (Sri Lanka, TAB Typewriter) tis th: Thai (TIS-820.2538) pat th: Thai (Pattachote) f tr: Turkish (F) alt tr: Turkish (Alt-Q) sundeadkeys tr: Turkish (Sun dead keys) ku tr: Kurdish (Turkey, Latin Q) ku_f tr: Kurdish (Turkey, F) ku_alt tr: Kurdish (Turkey, Latin Alt-Q) intl tr: Turkish (international with dead keys) crh tr: Crimean Tatar (Turkish Q) crh_f tr: Crimean Tatar (Turkish F) crh_alt tr: Crimean Tatar (Turkish Alt-Q) indigenous tw: Taiwanese (indigenous) saisiyat tw: Saisiyat (Taiwan) phonetic ua: Ukrainian (phonetic) typewriter ua: Ukrainian (typewriter) winkeys ua: Ukrainian (WinKeys) legacy ua: Ukrainian (legacy) rstu ua: Ukrainian (standard RSTU) rstu_ru ua: Russian (Ukraine, standard RSTU) homophonic ua: Ukrainian (homophonic) extd gb: English (UK, extended WinKeys) intl gb: English (UK, international with dead keys) dvorak gb: English (UK, Dvorak) dvorakukp gb: English (UK, Dvorak with UK punctuation) mac gb: English (UK, Macintosh) mac_intl gb: English (UK, Macintosh international) colemak gb: English (UK, Colemak) latin uz: Uzbek (Latin) kr104 kr: Korean (101/104 key compatible) CloGaelach ie: CloGaelach UnicodeExpert ie: Irish (UnicodeExpert) ogam ie: Ogham ogam_is434 ie: Ogham (IS434) urd-crulp pk: Urdu (Pakistan, CRULP) urd-nla pk: Urdu (Pakistan, NLA) ara pk: Arabic (Pakistan) snd pk: Sindhi legacy epo: Esperanto (displaced semicolon and quote, obsolete) igbo ng: Igbo yoruba ng: Yoruba hausa ng: Hausa left_hand brai: Braille (left hand) right_hand brai: Braille (right hand) alt tm: Turkmen (Alt-Q) fr-oss ml: French (Mali, alternative) us-mac ml: English (Mali, US Macintosh) us-intl ml: English (Mali, US international) kik ke: Kikuyu qwerty-bay ph: Filipino (QWERTY Baybayin) capewell-dvorak ph: Filipino (Capewell-Dvorak Latin) capewell-dvorak-bay ph: Filipino (Capewell-Dvorak Baybayin) capewell-qwerf2k6 ph: Filipino (Capewell-QWERF 2006 Latin) capewell-qwerf2k6-bay ph: Filipino (Capewell-QWERF 2006 Baybayin) colemak ph: Filipino (Colemak Latin) colemak-bay ph: Filipino (Colemak Baybayin) dvorak ph: Filipino (Dvorak Latin) dvorak-bay ph: Filipino (Dvorak Baybayin)
grp Key(s) to change layout grp:switch Right Alt (while pressed) grp:lswitch Left Alt (while pressed) grp:lwin_switch Left Win (while pressed) grp:rwin_switch Right Win (while pressed) grp:win_switch Any Win key (while pressed) grp:caps_switch Caps Lock (while pressed), Alt+Caps Lock does the original capslock action grp:rctrl_switch Right Ctrl (while pressed) grp:toggle Right Alt grp:lalt_toggle Left Alt grp:caps_toggle Caps Lock grp:shift_caps_toggle Shift+Caps Lock grp:shift_caps_switch Caps Lock (to first layout), Shift+Caps Lock (to last layout) grp:win_menu_switch Left Win (to first layout), Right Win/Menu (to last layout) grp:lctrl_rctrl_switch Left Ctrl (to first layout), Right Ctrl (to last layout) grp:alt_caps_toggle Alt+Caps Lock grp:shifts_toggle Both Shift keys together grp:alts_toggle Both Alt keys together grp:ctrls_toggle Both Ctrl keys together grp:ctrl_shift_toggle Ctrl+Shift grp:lctrl_lshift_toggle Left Ctrl+Left Shift grp:rctrl_rshift_toggle Right Ctrl+Right Shift grp:ctrl_alt_toggle Alt+Ctrl grp:alt_shift_toggle Alt+Shift grp:alt_space_toggle Alt+Space grp:menu_toggle Menu grp:lwin_toggle Left Win grp:rwin_toggle Right Win grp:lshift_toggle Left Shift grp:rshift_toggle Right Shift grp:lctrl_toggle Left Ctrl grp:rctrl_toggle Right Ctrl grp:sclk_toggle Scroll Lock grp:lctrl_lwin_rctrl_menu LeftCtrl+LeftWin (to first layout), RightCtrl+Menu (to second layout) lv3 Key to choose 3rd level lv3:switch Right Ctrl lv3:menu_switch Menu lv3:win_switch Any Win key lv3:lwin_switch Left Win lv3:rwin_switch Right Win lv3:alt_switch Any Alt key lv3:lalt_switch Left Alt lv3:ralt_switch Right Alt lv3:ralt_switch_multikey Right Alt, Shift+Right Alt key is Multi_Key lv3:ralt_alt Right Alt key never chooses 3rd level lv3:enter_switch Enter on keypad lv3:caps_switch Caps Lock lv3:bksl_switch Backslash lv3:lsgt_switch lv3:caps_switch_latch Caps Lock (chooses 3rd level, latches when pressed together with another 3rd-level-chooser) lv3:bksl_switch_latch Backslash (chooses 3rd level, latches when pressed together with another 3rd-level-chooser) lv3:lsgt_switch_latch (chooses 3rd level, latches when pressed together with another 3rd-level-chooser) ctrl Ctrl key position ctrl:nocaps Make Caps Lock an additional Ctrl ctrl:lctrl_meta Meta on Left Ctrl ctrl:swapcaps Swap Ctrl and Caps Lock ctrl:ctrl_ac At left of 'A' ctrl:ctrl_aa At bottom left ctrl:ctrl_ra Right Ctrl as Right Alt ctrl:ctrl_menu Right Ctrl is mapped to Menu grp_led Use keyboard LED to show alternative layout grp_led:num Num Lock grp_led:caps Caps Lock grp_led:scroll Scroll Lock keypad Numeric keypad layout selection keypad:legacy Legacy keypad:oss Unicode additions (arrows and math operators) keypad:future Unicode additions (arrows and math operators). Math operators on default level keypad:legacy_wang Legacy Wang 724 keypad:oss_wang Wang 724 keypad with Unicode additions (arrows and math operators) keypad:future_wang Wang 724 keypad with Unicode additions (arrows and math operators). Math operators on default level keypad:hex Hexadecimal keypad:atm ATM/phone-style kpdl Numeric keypad delete key behaviour kpdl:dot Legacy key with dot kpdl:comma Legacy key with comma kpdl:dotoss Four-level key with dot kpdl:dotoss_latin9 Four-level key with dot, latin-9 restriction kpdl:commaoss Four-level key with comma kpdl:momayyezoss Four-level key with momayyez kpdl:kposs Four-level key with abstract separators kpdl:semi Semi-colon on third level caps Caps Lock key behavior caps:internal Caps Lock uses internal capitalization. Shift "pauses" Caps Lock caps:internal_nocancel Caps Lock uses internal capitalization. Shift doesn't affect Caps Lock caps:shift Caps Lock acts as Shift with locking. Shift "pauses" Caps Lock caps:shift_nocancel Caps Lock acts as Shift with locking. Shift doesn't affect Caps Lock caps:capslock Caps Lock toggles normal capitalization of alphabetic characters caps:numlock Make Caps Lock an additional Num Lock caps:swapescape Swap ESC and Caps Lock caps:escape Make Caps Lock an additional ESC caps:backspace Make Caps Lock an additional Backspace caps:super Make Caps Lock an additional Super caps:hyper Make Caps Lock an additional Hyper caps:shiftlock Caps Lock toggles Shift so all keys are affected caps:none Caps Lock is disabled caps:ctrl_modifier Make Caps Lock an additional Control but keep the Caps_Lock keysym altwin Alt/Win key behavior altwin:menu Add the standard behavior to Menu key altwin:meta_alt Alt and Meta are on Alt keys altwin:ctrl_win Control is mapped to Win keys (and the usual Ctrl keys) altwin:ctrl_alt_win Control is mapped to Alt keys, Alt is mapped to Win keys altwin:meta_win Meta is mapped to Win keys altwin:left_meta_win Meta is mapped to Left Win altwin:hyper_win Hyper is mapped to Win-keys altwin:alt_super_win Alt is mapped to Right Win, Super to Menu altwin:swap_lalt_lwin Left Alt is swapped with Left Win Compose key Compose key position compose:ralt Right Alt compose:lwin Left Win compose:rwin Right Win compose:menu Menu compose:lctrl Left Ctrl compose:rctrl Right Ctrl compose:caps Caps Lock compose:102 compose:paus Pause compose:prsc PrtSc compose:sclk Scroll Lock compat Miscellaneous compatibility options numpad:pc Default numeric keypad keys numpad:mac Numeric keypad keys work as with Macintosh numpad:microsoft Shift with numeric keypad keys works as in MS Windows numpad:shift3 Shift does not cancel Num Lock, chooses 3rd level instead srvrkeys:none Special keys (Ctrl+Alt+) handled in a server apple:alupckeys Apple Aluminium Keyboard: emulate PC keys (Print, Scroll Lock, Pause, Num Lock) shift:breaks_caps Shift cancels Caps Lock misc:typo Enable extra typographic characters shift:both_capslock Both Shift-Keys together toggle Caps Lock shift:both_capslock_cancel Both Shift-Keys together activate Caps Lock, one Shift-Key deactivates shift:both_shiftlock Both Shift-Keys together toggle ShiftLock keypad:pointerkeys Toggle PointerKeys with Shift + NumLock. eurosign Adding currency signs to certain keys eurosign:e Euro on E eurosign:2 Euro on 2 eurosign:4 Euro on 4 eurosign:5 Euro on 5 rupeesign:4 Rupee on 4 lv5 Key to choose 5th level lv5:lsgt_switch_lock chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser lv5:ralt_switch_lock Right Alt chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser lv5:lwin_switch_lock Left Win chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser lv5:rwin_switch_lock Right Win chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser lv5:lsgt_switch_lock_cancel chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock lv5:ralt_switch_lock_cancel Right Alt chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock lv5:lwin_switch_lock_cancel Left Win chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock lv5:rwin_switch_lock_cancel Right Win chooses 5th level, locks when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock lv5:lsgt_switch_lock_cancel chooses 5th level and activates level5-Lock when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock lv5:ralt_switch_lock_cancel Right Alt chooses 5th level and activates level5-Lock when pressed together with another 5th-level-chooser, one press releases the lock nbsp Using space key to input non-breakable space character nbsp:none Usual space at any level nbsp:level2 Non-breakable space character at second level nbsp:level3 Non-breakable space character at third level nbsp:level3s Non-breakable space character at third level, nothing at fourth level nbsp:level3n Non-breakable space character at third level, thin non-breakable space character at fourth level nbsp:level4 Non-breakable space character at fourth level nbsp:level4n Non-breakable space character at fourth level, thin non-breakable space character at sixth level nbsp:level4nl Non-breakable space character at fourth level, thin non-breakable space character at sixth level (via Ctrl+Shift) nbsp:zwnj2 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level nbsp:zwnj2zwj3 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, zero-width joiner character at third level nbsp:zwnj2zwj3nb4 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, zero-width joiner character at third level, non-breakable space character at fourth level nbsp:zwnj2nb3 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, non-breakable space character at third level nbsp:zwnj2nb3s Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, non-breakable space character at third level, nothing at fourth level nbsp:zwnj2nb3zwj4 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, non-breakable space character at third level, zero-width joiner at fourth level nbsp:zwnj2nb3nnb4 Zero-width non-joiner character at second level, non-breakable space character at third level, thin non-breakable space at fourth level nbsp:zwnj3zwj4 Zero-width non-joiner character at third level, zero-width joiner at fourth level japan Japanese keyboard options japan:kana_lock Kana Lock key is locking japan:nicola_f_bs NICOLA-F style Backspace esperanto Adding Esperanto circumflexes (supersigno) esperanto:qwerty To the corresponding key in a Qwerty keyboard. esperanto:dvorak To the corresponding key in a Dvorak keyboard. terminate Key sequence to kill the X server terminate:ctrl_alt_bksp Control + Alt + Backspace